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technical data/titanium standard(astm기준)
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES ACCORDING TO ASTM STANDARDS
DESIGNATION GRADE1 GRADE2 GRADE3 GRADE4 GRADE5 GRADE7 GRADE11
COMPOSITION (%MAX) 화학성분
OXYGEN(O) 0.18 0.25 0.35 0.45 0.20

0.25

0.18
Nitrogen(N) 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.03
Hydrogen(H) 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015
Carbon(C) 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10
lron(Fe) 0.20 0.30 0.30 0.50 0.40 0.30 0.20
Aluminium(Al) - - - - 5.5-6.75 - -
Vanadium(V) - - - - 3.5-4.5 - -
Palladium(Pd) - - - - - 0.12-0.25 0.12-0.25
Residual each(total) 0.10(0.4) 0.10(0.4) 0.10(0.4) 0.10(0.4) 0.10(0.4) 0.10(0.4) 0.10(0.4)
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 기계적성질
Tensile Strength Mpa Min. 240 345 450 550 895 345 240 -
인장강도(Ksi) (35) (50) (65) (80) (130) (50) (35)
Yield Strength Mpa 170-310 275-450 380-550 483-655 830 275-450 170-310
항복강도(Ksi) (25-45) (40-65) (55-80) (70-95) (120) (40-65) (25-45)
Elongation % min(연산율) 24 20 18 15 10 20 24
Hardness HVtypical(경도) 100-150 160-200 180-220 200-280 310-350 160-200 100-150
타 금속과의 물리적 성질비교
소재 원자번호 원자량 비중
Density(g/㎠)
용유점 열팽창계수 비열 열전도율 전기비저항 전기전도율 영율 포아손비
Titanium 22 47.90 4.51 1.668 8.4×10-6 0.124 0.041 55 3.1 106.000 0.34
Ti-6AL-4V - - 4.4 1.650 8.6×10-6 0.138 0.020 175 0.98 110.000 0.34
Iron 26 55.85 7.86 1.530 12×10-6 0.11 0.15 9.7 18 602.000 0.31
StALnless steel-18-8
(ALSI1304)
- - 7.93 from 1.400
to 1,420
17×10-6 0.12 0.039 72 2.4 200.000 0.30
Aluminium 13 26.97 2.7 660 23×10-6 0.21 0.49 2.7 64 69.000 0.33

Aluminium

alloy(755-T6)

- - 28 from 476 to 638 23×10-6 0.23 0.29 5.8 30 71.600 0.33
Magnesium 12 24.32 1.74 650 25×10-6 0.24 0.38 4.3 40 44,800 0.35
Nickel 28 58.69 8.9 1.456 15×10-6 0.11 0.22 9.5 18 206.000 0.30
Hastelloy®c - - 8.9 1.305 11.3×10-6 0.092 0.03 130 1.3 204.600 -
Copper 29 63.57 8.94 1.083 17×10-6 0.092 0.962 1.724 100 108.000 0.34
Zirconium 40 91.22 6.52 1.852 5.8×10-6 0.07 0.040 40.54 3.1 9.110 0.33
내식성비료/corrosion rates of titanlum and other metallic alloys
  Concentration(%) Temperature(%) Titanium Zircon ium St.steel ALSI304 St.steel ALSI316 Haste-lloy®C
Inorganic acids
(무기산)
Hydrochloric 염산 1 25 O
acid(HCI)     boiling
    10 25 O
      boiling
sulfuric acid 황산 1 25
(H2SO4)     boiling O
    10 25 O O O
      boiling O
Nitric acid 질산 10 25
(NHO3)     boiling O
    65 25 O
      boiling O O
Organic acids
(유기산)
Acetic acid 초산 10 boiling
(CH3COOH) (아세트산) 60 boiling O O
Formic acid 의산 10 25 O
(HCOOH)   30 boiling
Ossalic acid 수산 10 25 O O O
((COOH)2)   25 60 O
Lactic acid 잦산 10 boiling O O O
(CH3CH(OH)COOH) (유산) 85 boiling O
Alkali
(알카리)
Sodium hydroxide 가성소다 10 100
(HaOH)   40 boiling O O O O
Potassium carbonate 탄산칼슘 5 boiling
(K2CO3)   20 boiling
lnoganic chlorides
(무기염화물)
Sodium chloride 염화나트륨 25 25 O O O
(NaCI)소금     boiling O O O
Ammonium chloride 염화암모늄 40 25 O O
(NH4CL) boiling O    
Zinc chloride 염화아연 20 boiling
(Zncl2)   50 boiling
Magnesium chloride 염화마그네슘 42 25
(MgCl2)     boiling
lron chloride 염화제2철 30 25
(FeCl3)     boiling
lnorganic salts
(무기염류)
Sodium sulphate 황산나트륨 20 25
(Na2SO4)     boiling
Sodium sulfide 황화나트륨 10 25
(Na2S)     boiling O O
Sodium chlorite 치아염소나트륨 5 25
(NaOCl) (NaOCI) 15 25
Sodium carbonae 탄산나트륨 30 25
(Na2CO3)     boiling
Organic compounds
(유기화합물)
Methlyl alcohol(CH30H) 훼놀 95 25
Carbon tetrachloride(CCI4) 100 boiling O O O
Phenol(C6H50H) 포화 25 O
Formaldehyde(HCHO) 37 boiling O
Gas
(가스)
Chlirine 염소 dry 25
(Cl2)   wet 25
Hydrogen Sulfide 황화수소 dry 25 O
(H2S)   wet 25 O O
Ammonium 암모니아 100 40
(NH3)   100 100
Other
(기타)
Sea water 해수 - 25
      100 O O
Naptha 납사 - 80
      180

* 부식율(Corrosion rates) : ◎ = 0.125mm/년 이하, O = 0.125~0.5mm/년, △= 0.5~1.25mm/년, ⟩=1.25mm/년 이상